Curious how the French government works? I’ll give you a brief overview to help you out.
The French government operates as a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. This means that it combines elements of both presidential and parliamentary systems. The government structure is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial.
The executive branch is dual-headed by the President and the Prime Minister. The President, who is elected by the public for a five-year term, holds a significant amount of power, including appointing the Prime Minister.
The Prime Minister, suggested by the majority in the National Assembly, leads the government and is responsible for running the country on a day-to-day basis. The President also has the role of commander-in-chief of the armed forces and represents France in foreign affairs.
The legislative branch is bicameral, composed of two houses: the National Assembly and the Senate. The National Assembly is the lower house with members elected for a five-year term through direct elections. The French Senate is the upper house, with senators elected for a six-year term by an electoral college. Both houses work together to draft and approve legislation.
The judicial branch is independent and is responsible for interpreting the law. It is comprised of various courts, including the Constitutional Council, which ensures that the laws comply with the Constitution, and the Court of Cassation, the highest court in the land, which oversees the correct application of laws in civil and criminal matters.
The government in France has various ministries that handle different sectors like education, health, and finance, each led by a minister appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Prime Minister.
The French government operates within the framework of a constitution, which delineates the roles and responsibilities of each branch and safeguards the rights and freedoms of its citizens.
I hope you found this overview of the French government helpful in understanding how France works!